Leitura para o fim-de-semana: “Isto são más notícias”

Em meados de Outubro de 1963, o presidente dos EUA John F. Kennedy tinha enviado a Cuba, em segredo, o jornalista Jean Daniel. O objectivo era estabelecer um canal de diálogo com Fidel Castro. Ao fim de algumas semanas, o repórter acabou por ser recebido. E estava com El Comandante quando chegaram as notícias: Kennedy tinha morrido. Este artigo foi publicado pela primeira vez a 7 de Dezembro de 1963 e foi agora recordado no 100º aniversário da The New Republic.



It was around 1:30 in the afternoon, Cuban time. We were having lunch in the living room of the modest summer residence which Fidel Castro owns on magnificent Varadero Beach, 120 kilometers from Havana. For at least the tenth time, I was questioning the Cuban leader on details of the negotiations with Russia before the missile installations last year. The telephone rang, a secretary in guerrilla garb announced that Mr. Dorticós, President of the Cuban Republic, had an urgent communication for the Prime Minister. Fidel picked up the phone and I heard him say: “Como? Un atentado?” (“What’s that? An attempted assassination?”) He then turned to us to say that Kennedy had just been struck down in Dallas. Then he went back to the telephone and exclaimed in a loud voice “Herido? Muy gravemente?” (“Wounded? Very seriously?”)

He came back, sat down, and repeated three times the words: “Es una mala noticia.” (“This is bad news.”) He remained silent for a moment, awaiting another call with further news. He remarked while we waited that there was an alarmingly sizable lunatic fringe in American society and that this deed could equally well have been the work of a madman or of a terrorist. Perhaps a Vietnamese? Or a member of the Ku Klux Klan? The second call came through: it was hoped they would be able to announce that the United States President was still alive, that there was hope of saving him. Fidel Castro’s immediate reaction was: “If they can, he is already re-elected.” He pronounced these words with satisfaction.

This sentence was a sequel to a conversation we had held on a previous evening and which had turned into an all-night session. To be precise, it lasted from 10 in the evening until 4 in the morning. A good part of the talk revolved about the impressions I recounted to him of an interview which President Kennedy granted me this last October 24, and about Fidel Castro’s reactions to these impressions. During this nocturnal discussion, Castro had delivered himself of a relentless indictment of U.S. policy, adding that in the recent past Washington had had ample opportunity to normalize its relations with Cuba, but that instead it had tolerated a CIA program of training, equipping and organizing a counter-revolution. He had told me that he wasn’t in the least fearful of his life, since danger was his natural milieu, and if he were to become a victim of the United States this would simply enhance his radius of influence in Latin America as well as throughout the socialist world. He was speaking, he said, from the viewpoint of the interests of peace in both the American continents. To achieve this goal, a leader would have to arise in the United States capable of understanding the explosive realities of Latin America and of meeting them halfway. Then, suddenly, he had taken a less hostile tack: “Kennedy could still be this man. He still has the possibility of becoming, in the eyes of history, the greatest President of the United States, the leader who may at last understand that there can be coexistence between capitalists and socialists, even in the Americas. He would then be an even greater President than Lincoln. I know, for example, that for Khrushchev, Kennedy is a man you can talk with. I have gotten this impression from all my conversations with Khrushchev. Other leaders have assured me that to attain this goal, we must first await his re-election. Personally, I consider him responsible for everything, but I will say this: he has come to understand many things over the past few months; and then too, in the last analysis, I’m convinced that anyone else would be worse.” Then Fidel had added with a broad and boyish grin: “If you see him again, you can tell him that I’m willing to declare Goldwater my friend if that will guarantee Kennedy’s re-election!”

This conversation was held on November 19.

Now it was nearly 2 o’clock and we got up from the table and settled ourselves in front of a radio. Commandant Vallero, his physician, aide-de-camp, and intimate friend, was easily able to get the broadcasts from the NBC network in Miami. As the news came in, Vallero would translate it for Fidel: Kennedy wounded in the head; pursuit of the assassin; murder of a policeman; finally the fatal announcement: President Kennedy is dead. Then Fidel stood up and said to me: “Everything is changed. Everything is going to change. The United States occupies such a position in world affairs that the death of a President of that country affects millions of people in every corner of the globe. The cold war, relations with Russia, Latin America, Cuba, the Negro question… all will have to be rethought. I’ll tell you one thing: at least Kennedy was an enemy to whom we had become accustomed. This is a serious matter, an extremely serious matter.”

After the quarter-hour of silence observed by all the American radio stations, we once more tuned in on Miami; the silence had only been broken by a re-broadcasting of the American national anthem. Strange indeed was the impression made, on hearing this hymn ring out in the house of Fidel Castro, in the midst of a circle of worried faces. “Now,” Fidel said, “they will have to find the assassin quickly, but very quickly, otherwise, you watch and see, I know them, they will try to put the blame on us for this thing. But tell me, how many Presidents have been assassinated? Four? This is most disturbing! In Cuba, only one has been assassinated. You know, when we were hiding out in the Sierra there were some (not in my group, in another) who wanted to kill Batista. They thought they could do away with a regime by decapitating it. I have always been violently opposed to such methods. First of all from the viewpoint of political self-interest, because so far as Cuba is concerned, if Batista had been killed he would have been replaced by some military figure who would have tried to make the revolutionists pay for the martyrdom of the dictator. But I was also opposed to it on personal grounds; assassination is repellent to me.”

The broadcasts were now resumed. One reporter felt he should mention the difficulty Mrs. Kennedy was having in getting rid of her bloodstained stockings. Fidel exploded: “What sort of a mind is this!” He repeated the remark several times: “What sort of a mind is this? There is a difference in our civilizations after all. Are you like this in Europe? For us Latin Americans, death is a sacred matter; not only does it mark the close of hostilities, but it also imposes decency, dignity, respect. There are even street urchins who behave like kings in the face of death. Incidentally, this reminds me of something else: if you write all those things I told you yesterday against Kennedy’s policy, don’t use his name now; speak instead of the policy of the United States government.”

Toward 5 o’clock, Fidel Castro declared that since there was nothing we could do to alter the tragedy, we must try to put our time to good use in spite of it. He wanted to accompany me in person on a visit to a granja de pueblo (state farm), where he had been engaging in some experiments. His present obsession is agriculture. He reads nothing but agronomical studies and reports. He dwells lyrically on the soil, fertilizers, and the possibilities which will give Cuba enough sugar cane by 1970 to achieve economic independence.”

“Fidel colocou milhões em contas no exterior”

Durante 17 anos, Juan Reinaldo Sanchés fez parte da guarda pessoal de Fidel Castro. Com o passar do tempo, tornou-se um dos seus mais próximos colaboradores: era ele quem tinha de anotar num diário tudo o que El Comandante fazia. Quando quis abandonar o círculo que o rodeava, caiu em desgraça: foi preso e torturado. Após oito tentativas conseguiu fugir de Cuba para os Estados Unidos onde, este ano, lançou um livro com os detalhes da vida desconhecida de Fidel e as suas contradições com a ideologia comunista. De acordo com Juan Reinaldo Sanchés, El Comandante possui mais de 20 casas, incluindo uma ilha privada com tartarugas e golfinhos, só bebe leite fresco da sua vaca particular, grava todas as conversas no gabinete, esteve duas vezes às portas da morte e desviou milhões de dólares para contas por si controladas – para além de ser cúmplice com o tráfico de droga para os EUA. No dia em que ele está em Lisboa a promover a edição do seu livro em Portugal, deixo aqui a entrevista que lhe fiz há cerca de três meses e que foi a base para um artigo publicado na SÁBADO.

Juan Reinaldo mostra uma das fotografias com Fidel Castro

Juan Reinaldo mostra uma das fotografias com Fidel Castro

Quando se tornou guarda-costas de Fidel Castro?

A 1 de Maio de 1977. Antes tinha tirado um curso de dois anos numa escola de especialistas em segurança pessoal e já tinha uma experiência de nove anos em segurança pessoal, fazendo parte de outros “anéis” da segurança de Fidel.

Porque o escolheram?

Por causa do meu desempenho durante nove anos e pelos meus resultados na escola de especialistas em segurança pessoal. Já tinha cinturão negro em artes marciais e era campeão de tiro.

Como se tornou um dos mais próximos de Fidel no grupo de guarda-costas?

Não era o único mais próximo dele. Havia o chefe de equipa e o seu médico pessoal. Acontece que, como tinha a responsabilidade de escrever o diário pessoal de Fidel, isso aproximava-me bastante dele. Tinha de anotar tudo o que ele fazia desde que se levantava até que se deitava, quem via, com quem conversava, o que comia, por que vias circulava, etc. E para fazer essas anotações, devia estar sempre ao lado dele. Neste trabalho conheci diferentes presidentes que visitaram cuba entre 1977 e 1994 e também dirigente da esquerda latino-americana como Luís Gorvalán, do Chile, Schafik Jorge Handal, da FMLN de El Salvador, e Joaquín Villalobos, do Exército revolucionário do Povo.

No meu livro, que escrevi com a colaboração do jornalista francês Axel Guilden, conto a história de que Fidel Castro realizou várias reuniões em Cuba com estes homens de esquerda e comandantes guerrilheiros para utilizar em El Salvador a mesma estratégia que tinha desenvolvido na Nicarágua: a união das diferentes frentes guerrilheiras numa única grande ofensiva militar contra a capital. Mas Villalobos e Schafik nunca chegaram a acordo porque entre eles havia uma rivalidade pela liderança desta luta e nunca foi possível unirem-se para Fidel alcançar os seus objectivos

Quais eram as suas responsabilidades?

Primeiro tinha a responsabilidade da sua segurança. Depois tinha que escrever o seu diário pessoal. Além disso, durante alguns anos fui responsável pela preparação técnica, profissional e física dos outros membros da escolta. Fiz também parte da equipa avançada das viagens de Fidel Castro ao exterior e tornei-me responsável directo da segurança no estrangeiro a partir de 1989.  Numa dessas avançadas realizou-se a viagem ao Zimbabwe para a VIII cimeira dos países não alinhados em 1986. Conto como preparei várias casas que se compraram em dinheiro, assim como automóveis Mercedes e Toyotas para a segurança de Fidel durante a estada no país. Foi construído um refúgio na própria residência e uma sala de reuniões totalmente segura contra escutas estrangeiras. Esta operação, detalhada no livro, custou mais de dois milhões de dólares, para apenas uns dias de Fidel Castro neste país africano.


Juan Reinaldo a retirar a caneta entregue por uma jornalista a Fidel Castro. A segurança temia tentativas de assassinato


Toda a sua vida Fidel Castro afirmou que não tinha património. Isso é verdade?

Não. Fidel tem residências espalhadas por toda a ilha. Durante o meu trabalho conheci pessoalmente mais de 20 casas de uso exclusivo de Fidel, moradias que não são habitadas por mais ninguém. Além disso, Fidel tem marinas com iates, como aquela que fica a sul de Cienaga de Zapata, chamada Caleta del Rosário, onde trabalham mais de 100 homens como marinheiros, mecânicos navais, pessoal de serviço e guardas, apenas para uso exclusivo de Fidel. Ele tem também uma ilha privada a sul da Cienaga de Zapata, possui um iate de 80 pés de comprimento por 20 de largura e outros três iates mais pequenos de 54 pés de comprimento por 17 de largura. Como se isso não bastasse, tem também à sua disposição barcos de pesca de 60 metros de comprimento a pescar apenas para ele. Todas as embarcações estão na Marina Caleta del Rosário. Fidel é ainda proprietário de um couto de caça nos arredores da povoação de Los Palácios, na província de Pinar del Rio, onde, no Inverno, se dedica a caçar patos que emigram da Florida.

Revela também a existência da ilha de Cayo Piedra. Pode descrevê-la?

Na verdade são duas ilhas pequenas unidas por uma ponte com mais de 200 metros de comprimento. Esta ilha fica a sul da Ciernaga de Zapata, na província de Matanzas. Fidel habita uma casa que anteriormente pertencia a um faroleiro e que foi convertida num chalet. Tem pista de helicóptero, molhe para atracar os iates, um restaurante flutuante, criadores de tartarugas e até um delfinário, para além de uma residência para visitantes com piscina olímpica e outras instalações.

Fidel ia para lá com frequência?

Geralmente ia aos fins-de-semana no Verão e passava a maior parte de Agosto na ilha. Eu ia com ele na maioria das vezes porque fazia parte dos mergulhadores que pescavam com Fidel.

Ele levava a família ou ia sozinho?

Geralmente ia com a família, a mulher Dália e o seu filho mais pequeno, Angel. Os outros filhos iam uns dias mas saíam já que estavam a estudar ou simplesmente gostavam mais de passar as férias em Varadero, rodeados de outros jovens filhos de dirigentes. Quando Fidel levava algum convidado então ia sozinho. A sua esposa, Dália, nunca apareceu em público até se conhecer a doença de Fidel em 2008.

Tinha amantes? Levava-as para lá?

Geralmente a sua amante Juanita Vera ia à ilha quando Fidel convidava algum estrangeiro que falava inglês porque ela era a tradutora de Castro.

E os filhos?

Os cinco filhos com Dália (Alexis, Alex, Alejandro, António e Angel) iam regularmente à ilha. Mas os outros filhos (Fidel Castro Diaz Balart e Jorge Angel Castro) não iam com frequência. Só os vi lá em duas ou três ocasiões e sempre em separado.


No iate Aquarama II

O que faziam para passar o tempo?

Actividades próprias do mar, pesca submarina, pesca em barcos, nadar no mar alto, visitar outras ilhas da zona, etc.

Costumava levar convidados?

Os mais frequentes eram os seus amigos Gabriel Garcia Marquez e António Neñez Jimenez, assim como os seus familiares. Além deles também visitaram a ilha estrangeiros como o milionário Ted Turner e a jornalista Bárbara Walters.

Fala no iate Aquarama II. Pode descrevê-lo?

Foi fabricado em cuba com madeira preciosa enviada de Angola. O anterior, o Aquarama I, foi de um dirigente do governo anterior a 1959 e Fidel utilizou-o muitos anos até não poder navegar mais. Então mandou construir este, muito parecido com o anterior, mas com equipamentos de navegação mais modernos e uma estrutura mais aerodinâmica.

Fidel é um conhecido fã de desporto. Mas no livro diz que a pesca é o seu desporto favorito. Porquê?

Ele gosta imenso de pesca submarina. É o desporto que mais praticava durante o Verão. Mas no Inverno ia para o couto de caça particular, chamado La deseada.

Pode descrever o ritual da pesca submarina e o seu papel nessa actividade?

Fidel Castro pescava de uma forma pouco habitual. Entregávamos-lhe as armas de caça já carregadas e prontas para atirar. Ele disparava e quando um peixe ficava no arpão não o recolhia. Era um dos mergulhadores que o apanhava e levava para o barco. Fidel depois estedia a mão e outro mergulhador entregava-lhe um novo arpão pronto a disparar. O meu trabalho era apoiar estes mergulhadores e com uma espingarda submarina muito mais potente espantar os tubarões, barracudas e moreias que rodeavam Fidel Castro. Protegia-o desta forma quando estava na água.

Descreve Fidel como uma espécie de Luís XV. Porquê?

Porque tinha toda uma corte de servidores em seu redor, unicamente para o servir em todos os seus gostos e prazeres e porque tem condomínios e propriedades única e exclusivamente para seu uso pessoal, ilhas, iates, marinas, couto de caça, etc.

Como é possível que a existência da ilha se tenha mantido em segredo todos estes anos?

Porque tudo o que está relacionado com a vida pessoal de Fidel Castro sempre foi tratado em Cuba como um segredo de estado e apenas as pessoas escolhidas pelo próprio Fidel o podiam visitar.

A entregar a Fidel um presente no seu dia de anos

A entregar a Fidel um presente no seu dia de anos

Havia outros luxos?

Sim: vacas exclusivas para o leite que toma, fábricas de tabaco, iogurte, queijos, gelados, etc. Mas este aspecto está bem detalhado no livro já que se trata da vida oculta de Fidel.

Como era um dia normal?

Em Havana, levantava-se por volta das 13h ou 14h. A primeira coisa que fazíamos era dar-lhe “os telegramas”, ou seja, todas as notícias que saiam nas mais importantes agências de imprensa a nível mundial, juntamente com um relatório do ministério do interior, fundamentalmente da espionagem e contra espionagem, com o estado e desenvolvimento de actividades de espionagem em diferentes países, especialmente nos Estados Unidos e ainda outro relatório das forças armadas cubanas relativas às actividades das missões cubanas no exterior, seja em Angola, Nicarágua ou outro país. Saia de casa de Punto Cero às 15h ou 16h, ia ao Palácio ou ao Ministério das Forças Armadas para ver Raul ou aos dois lugares. No Palácio recebia as pessoas que queriam vê-lo ou ele tinha interesse em ver, nacionais ou estrangeiros, assistia às reuniões programadas do partido, Estado ou governo. Ao final da tarde ia visitar algum dignitário estrangeiro, ou então Garcia Marques ou Nuñez Jimenez nas suas casas. Depois ia para a sua residência de Punto Cero já de madrugada. Ficava lá ou saia com a mulher, Dália, para ver um filme no seu cinema particular que ficava a cerca de 1,5km de casa.

Mesmo em casa comiam como se estivessem num restaurante?

Na residência trabalham dois ou três cozinheiros e as refeições são feitas em função do que cada membro da família deseja comer. Este pedido é deixado na cozinha da residência por Dália no dia anterior, assinalando o que cada membro deseja comer ao pequeno almoço, ao almoço ou a comida e a que hora cada pedido deve estar pronto.

Falou em vacas exclusivas. O que quer dizer?

Na residência de Punto Cero há vacas, uma para cada membro da família. A destinada a Fidel é a número cinco. O leite é fresco, do dia. Mesmo quando Fidel viajava para o estrangeiro, um avião cubano ia ao encontro da delegação para enviar os telegramas e relatórios de que já falámos, assim como o leite, iogurte e vegetais que Fidel consumia.

É descrito como um indivíduo paranóico. Por quê?

Fidel quer mostra-se como uma pessoa calma e equilibrada e consegue-o em muitas ocasiões. Mas há momentos em que se mostra paranóico sobretudo no seu círculo mais intimo. Ninguém o pode contradizer, nem tem valor para o fazer – mesmo quando acha que ele está errado.

Ele grava todas as conversas?

Dentro de casa não sei. Grava as conversas telefónicas e também as da sua escolta. Para isso há, no perímetro de Punto Cero, uma pequena casa onde estão as equipas e membros da segurança que as manipulam a fim de ter todas as gravações que desejem. Dália sabe disto, uma vez que é ela quem dirige todo o que se relaciona com a residência e o pessoal que lá trabalha.

No seu gabinete no palácio, grava tudo. Desde as conversas com os visitantes, às que realiza por telefone. Há uma equipa de repórteres e gravadores. À frente desta equipa está Hilda Castro, uma antiga colaboradora de Fidel desde os anos 1960. Esta equipa faz também a transcrição das conversas telefónicas para quando Fidel as quiser ler.

Fidel Castro e Juan Reinaldo Sanches

Fidel Castro e Juan Reinaldo Sanches

Diz que os convidados estrangeiros eram vigiados pelos serviços de segurança. O que faziam concretamente?

Todas as pessoas de interesse, sejam presidentes, personalidades da cultura ou jornalistas, são vigiados constantemente pelos órgãos da contra-inteligência. Seja nas suas residências em Cuba ou quando estão a circular pelas ruas da cidade. Os relatórios são guardados e usados por Fidel num momento que considere oportuno.

Conta também que um diplomata francês apanhado no tráfico de arte se converteu num espião cubano?

Soube disto através de um relatório que a espionagem cubana enviou a Fidel sobre o caso dele.

Muitas vezes o mundo não conhecia o verdadeiro estado de saúde de Fidel. Como fazia para o ocultar?

Era um segredo de estado. Quando ele esteve internado em 1983 e 1993, vítima da doença que mais tarde o afastou do poder em 2006, nós na escolta fazíamos trabalhos de desinformação que consistia em utilizar um membro da escolta chamado Silvino Alvarez e disfarçá-lo com o uniforme de Fidel e uma barba postiça. Este duplo era utilizado à distância das pessoas, ou seja não era para o substituir numa reunião ou num discurso. Só o fazíamos quando o colocávamos no automóvel pessoal de Fidel e o passeávamos por Havana enquanto Fidel estava internado na sua clínica, com o objectivo de dar a impressão de que Fidel continuava a fazer a vida normal.

Qual era a relação dele com Angola?

Sempre disse que de Angola levaria só os mortos. No livro conto como foram parar a cuba madeiras preciosas e diamentes de Angola. E, no caso dos diamantes, como Fidel os recebeu em mão e também como desde a sede do ministério das Forças Armadas dirigiu toda a guerra neste país africano.

Ele tinha empresas e contas em bancos?

Sim, criou sociedades anónimas nos anos 1980 e que não estavam subordinadas à economia nacional: apenas ao conselho de estado, de forma a que os lucros dessas empresas fossem parar directamente às mãos de Fidel Castro. E sim, tinha contas em bancos mas só Fidel podia dispor delas. Empresas como a Coorporación Cimex, Cubalse, Cubanacán, etc. No livro conto como em várias ocasiões vi Abrahan Masique, então director de Cubanacán SA, entregar a Fidel Castro um milhão de dólares proveniente dos lucros de Cubanacán. Milhões que ele mandou um ajudante colocar em contas no exterior.

Porque deixou a escolta?

Em 1989 ouvi uma conversa (tal como os microfones do gabinete) entre Fidel Castro e o seu ministro do interior relacionado com o tráfico de droga. Aí dei-me conta que Fidel dirigia e sabia de tudo o que estava relacionado com a droga. Nesse momento senti-me enganado e defraudado por Fidel e pela revolução e estabeleci como objectivo sair. Mas tive de esperar até 1994, ano em que tinha todas as condições para pedir a reforma. Quando chegou a essa data pedi-a e Fidel enviou-me para a prisão. Passei dois anos detido, nas condições normais em Cuba: má alimentação, abusos por parte dos guardas, má higiene, etc.

Durante uma visita ao estrangeiro

Durante uma visita ao estrangeiro

Como foi para os Estados Unidos?

Quando saí da prisão, em 1996, comecei a tentar sair ilegalmente de Cuba, mas todas as tentativas foram infrutíferas até ao ano 2008 em que consegui sair ilegalmente através do México e daí para os Estados Unidos.

Porquê escrever este livro? .

Porque o mundo deve conhecer quem é verdadeiramente Fidel Castro. E não é o Fidel Castro que o próprio Fidel e o governo cubano trataram de promover pelo mundo.  Todos os livros sobre Fidel partem da informação dada por ele próprio ou pelo governo. Assim vemos os livros Um Grão de Milho, escrito por Tomás Borge, Fidel e a religião, de Frei Betto, e 100 horas com Fidel Castro, de Ignacio Ramonet. Todos partem de entrevistas a Fidel.

Na prisão dei-me conta de toda a informação que possuía e estabeleci o objectivo de dar a conhecer ao mundo o verdadeiro Fidel Castro. Fui tirando essa informação de Cuba por diferentes vias: na memória, em CD, em documentos e fotografias, de forma a que quando cheguei aos EUA tinha 90% da documentação que precisava. Posteriormente, em Miami, continuei a sacar informação valiosa de Cuba, o que me ajudou muito não só a escrever o livro como a provar o que dizemos. Este livro é o primeiro que aborda a vida privada de Fidel Castro, escrito por um testemunho presencial dos acontecimentos que ele trata. Daí a importância da obra.



Fidel Castro: “Oswald não pode ter morto Kennedy”

O jornalista Jeffrey Goldberg tinha acabado de escrever um artigo para a The Atlantic sobre os planos de Israel para bombardear as instalações nucleares iranianas. Em Cuba, Fidel Castro leu o artigo. Depois pediu à secção de interesses cubana em Washington que contactasse o repórter e o convidasse para visitar Cuba. O líder histórico comunista queria falar com ele. Como é óbvio, aceitou. E nas longas conversas que tiveram, John F. Kennedy foi um assunto incontornável. Foi assim que Fidel Castro acabou por revelar o medo que teve de ser apontado como responsável pelo assassinato e, logo, ver a ilha ser invadida pelos EUA. E também partilhou o que ele acha que aconteceu. O artigo chama-se “Oswald Could Not Have Been The One Who Killed Kennedy”. Está aqui. 


Leitura para o fim-de-semana: Ana Montes, a espia de Fidel nos EUA

A história de Ana Montes é tão incrível que é ainda mais incrível nunca termos ouvido falar nela. Nascida em 1957 numa base do exército norte-americano, tornou-se analista do sistema de inteligência dos Estados Unidos. O irmão, Tito, é agente especial do FBI. Teve um namorado, Roger Corneretto, que trabalhava no departamento do Pentágono dedicado a Cuba. A sua irmã, Luci, fez carreira no FBI e ganhou vários prémios por descobrir espiões cubanos. Mas à noite, e durante 17 anos, Ana trabalhava para Fidel Castro: ouvia mensagens codificadas, passava ficheiros encriptados em restaurantes conhecidos e a viajar incógnita para Havana.

As autoridades americanas consideram-na uma das mais bem sucedidas agentes duplas da história dos serviços secretos. Foi presa pouco depois dos atentados do 11 de Setembro e as notícias da sua prisão foram completamente abafada pelos acontecimentos. Mais de 10 anos passados da sua prisão, o The Washington Post publicou a sua história. Foi em Abril. Mas mais vale divulgá-la ao fim de quatro meses do que continuarmos sem a conhecer.


Ana Montes did much harm spying for Cuba. Chances are, you haven’t heard of her.

By Jim Popkin

Ana Montes has been locked up for a decade with some of the most frightening women in America. Once a highly decorated U.S. intelligence analyst with a two-bedroom co-op in Cleveland Park, Montes today lives in a two-bunk cell in the highest-security women’s prison in the nation. Her neighbors have included a former homemaker who strangled a pregnant woman to get her baby, a longtime nurse who killed four patients with massive injections of adrenaline, and Lynette “Squeaky” Fromme, the Charles Manson groupie who tried to assassinate President Ford.

But hard time in the Lizzie Borden ward of a Texas prison hasn’t softened the former Defense Department wunderkind. Years after she was caught spying for Cuba, Montes remains defiant. “Prison is one of the last places I would have ever chosen to be in, but some things in life are worth going to prison for,” Montes writes in a 14-page handwritten letter to a relative. “Or worth doing and then killing yourself before you have to spend too much time in prison.”

Like Aldrich Ames and Robert Hanssen before her, Ana Montes blindsided the intelligence community with brazen acts of treason. By day, she was a buttoned-down GS-14 in a Defense Intelligence Agency cubicle. By night, she was on the clock for Fidel Castro, listening to coded messages over shortwave radio, passing encrypted files to handlers in crowded restaurants and slipping undetected into Cuba wearing a wig and clutching a phony passport.

Montes spied for 17 years, patiently, methodically. She passed along so many secrets about her colleagues — and the advanced eavesdropping platforms that American spooks had covertly installed in Cuba — that intelligence experts consider her among the most harmful spies in recent memory. But Montes, now 56, did not deceive just her nation and her colleagues. She also betrayed her brother Tito, an FBI special agent; her former boyfriend Roger Corneretto, an intelligence officer for the Pentagon specializing in Cuba; and her sister, Lucy, a 28-year veteran of the FBI who has won awards for helping to unmask Cuban spies.


In the days after the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist attacks, the FBI’s Miami field office was on high alert. Most of the hijackers had spent time in South Florida, and FBI personnel there were desperate to learn whether any more had stayed behind. So when a supervisor asked Lucy Montes to come to his office, she didn’t blink. Lucy was a veteran FBI language analyst who translated wiretaps and other sensitive communications.

But this impromptu meeting had nothing to do with Sept. 11. An FBI squad leader sat Lucy down. Your sister, Ana, has been arrested for espionage, he informed her, and she could face the death penalty. Your sister, Ana, is a Cuban spy.

Lucy didn’t scream, didn’t storm out in disbelief. Instead, she found the news strangely reassuring. “I believed it right away,” she recalled in a recent interview. “It explained a lot of things.”

Major news organizations reported on the arrest, of course, but it was overshadowed by nonstop coverage of the terrorist attacks. Today, Ana Montes remains the most important spy you’ve never heard of.



Ana Montes with her family at the FBI training facility at Quantico in 1989. From left, father Alberto, Ana, sister Lucy, then-sister-in-law Joan and brother Tito. (Photograph courtesy family)

Born on a U.S. Army base in 1957, Ana Montes is the eldest child of Emilia and Alberto Montes. Puerto Rico-born Alberto was a respected Army doctor, and the family moved frequently, from Germany to Kansas to Iowa. They settled in Towson, outside Baltimore, where Alberto developed a successful private psychiatric practice and Emilia became a leader in the local Puerto Rican community.

Ana thrived in Maryland. Slender, bookish and witty, she graduated with a 3.9 GPA from Loch Raven High School, where she noted in her senior yearbook that her favorite things included “summer, beaches … chocolate chip cookies, having a good time with fun people.” But the bubblegum sentimentality masked a growing emotional distance, grandiose feelings of superiority and a troubling family secret.

To outsiders, Alberto was a caring and well-educated father of four. But behind closed doors, he was short-tempered and bullied his children. Alberto “happened to believe that he had the right to beat his kids,” Ana would later tell CIA psychologists. “He was the king of the castle and demanded complete and total obedience.” The beatings started at 5, Lucy said. “My father had a violent temper,” she said. “We got it with the belt. When he got angry. Sure.”

Ana’s mother feared taking on her mercurial husband, but as the verbal and physical abuse persisted, she divorced him and gained custody of their children.

Ana was 15 when her parents separated, but the damage had been done. “Montes’s childhood made her intolerant of power differentials, led her to identify with the less powerful, and solidified her desire to retaliate against authoritarian figures,” the CIA wrote in a psychological profile of Montes labeled “Secret.” Her “arrested psychological development” and the abuse she suffered at the hands of a temperamental man she associated with the U.S. military “increased her vulnerability to recruitment by a foreign intelligence service,” adds the 10-page report. Lucy recalls that even as a teenager Ana was distant and judgmental. “We were only a year apart, but I have to tell you that I never really felt close to her,” Lucy said. “She wasn’t one that wanted to share things or talk about things.”


Ana Montes was a junior at the University of Virginia when she met a handsome student during a study-abroad program in Spain. He was from Argentina and a leftist, friends recall, and helped open Montes’s eyes to the U.S. government’s support of authoritarian regimes. Spain had become a hotbed of political radicalism, and the frequent anti-American protests offered a welcome diversion from schoolwork. “After every protest, Ana used to explain to me the ‘atrocities’ that the U.S.A. government used to do to other countries,” recalls Ana Colón, a fellow college student who befriended Montes in Spain in 1977 and now lives near Gaithersburg. “She was already so torn. She did not want to be American but was.”

After college, Montes moved briefly to Puerto Rico but could not find suitable work. When a friend told her about an opening as a clerk typist at the Department of Justice in Washington, she put her political considerations aside. A job was a job.

Montes excelled at the DOJ’s Office of Privacy and Information Appeals. Less than a year later, after an FBI background check, the Department of Justice granted Montes top-secret security clearance. She could now review some of the DOJ’s most sensitive files.

While holding down her day job, Montes began pursuing a master’s degree at the School of Advanced International Studies at Johns Hopkins University. Her political views hardened. Montes developed a hatred for the Reagan administration’s policies in Latin America and especially for U.S. support of the contras, the rebels fighting the communist Sandinista government in Nicaragua.

Montes was now a budding Washington bureaucrat and a full-time student at one of the country’s premier universities. But she was about to take on another demanding assignment: spy in training. In 1984, the Cuban-intelligence service recruited her as a full-blown agent.

Sources close to the case think that a friend at SAIS served as a facilitator for the Cubans, helping to identify potential spies. Cuba considers recruiting at American universities a “top priority,” according to former Cuban intelligence agent Jose Cohen, who wrote in an academic paper that the Cuban intelligence service identifies politically driven students at leading U.S. colleges who will “occupy positions of importance in the private sector and in the government.”

Montes must have seemed a godsend. She was a leftist with a soft spot for bullied nations. She was bilingual and had dazzled her DOJ supervisors with her ambition and smarts. But most important, she had top-secret security clearance and was on the inside. “I hadn’t thought about actually doing anything until I was propositioned,” Montes would later admit to investigators. The Cubans, she revealed, “tried to appeal to my conviction that what I was doing was right.”

CIA analysts interpret the recruitment a bit more darkly. Montes was manipulated into believing that Cuba desperately needed her help, “empowering her and stroking her narcissism,” the CIA wrote. The Cubans started slowly, asking for translations and bits of harmless intel that might assist the Sandinistas, her pet cause. “Her handlers, with her unwitting assistance, assessed her vulnerabilities and exploited her psychological needs, ideology, and personality pathology to recruit her and keep her motivated to work for Havana,” the CIA concluded.

Montes secretly visited Cuba in 1985 and then, as instructed, began applying for government positions that would grant her greater access to classified information. She accepted a job at the Defense Intelligence Agency, the Pentagon’s major producer of foreign military intelligence.

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Montes, right, at a party in Madrid in 1977.

In an early mistake, Montes had confided to her old friend from Spain, Ana Colón, that she had visited Cuba and had had a fling with the cute guy who toured her around the island. Montes also revealed that she was about to take a DIA job. “I was dumbfounded,” Colón recalled. “I couldn’t understand why somebody with her leftist beliefs would be willing to work for the U.S.A. government and for the military.” Montes said she wanted to be part of the political action and was “an American girl, after all.” But days after the confession, Montes cut her girlfriend off. Colón called and wrote letter after letter for 2 1/2 years, to no avail. Montes wouldn’t engage. Colón never heard from Montes again.

Back in Miami, Lucy Montes also was puzzled by her sister’s decision to work for the Defense Department. But she loved her sister and was so eager to make a connection that she didn’t press the point. Ana had become more introverted and rigid in her views since joining DIA. “She would talk to me less and less about things that were going on with her,” Lucy said. Ironically, Ana now had much in common with her siblings. Although Juan Carlos, the baby of the family, had become a deli owner in Miami, Lucy and her other brother, Alberto “Tito” Montes, had chosen careers helping to protect the United States. Tito had become an FBI special agent in Atlanta, where he still works, and his wife was an FBI agent. Lucy had become an FBI Spanish-language analyst in Miami, a job she still holds, frequently working on cases involving Cubans. Her husband at the time worked for the FBI, too.

Of her family members, only Lucy would be interviewed. She agreed to talk for the first time — more than a decade after her sister’s arrest — to make her views on Ana clear. “I don’t feel the way that a lot of her friends seem to feel, like there’s a good excuse for what she did, or I can understand why she did it, or, you know, what this country did is wrong. There’s nothing to be admired,” Lucy said.


For the next 16 years, Ana Montes excelled — in both Washington and Havana. Hired by the DIA as an entry-level research specialist, she was promoted again and again. Montes quickly became DIA’s principal analyst for El Salvador and Nicaragua, and later was named the DIA’s top political and military analyst for Cuba. In the intelligence community and at DIA headquarters, Montes became known as “the Queen of Cuba.” Not only was she one of the U.S. government’s shrewdest interpreters of Cuban military affairs — hardly surprising, given her inside knowledge — but she also proved adept at shaping (and often softening) U.S. policy toward the island nation.

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Montes received a certificate of distinction from CIA Director George Tenet in 1997. (Courtesy Defense Intelligence Agency)

Over her meteoric career, Montes received cash bonuses and 10 special recognitions for her work, including a certificate of distinction that then-CIA Director George Tenet presented to her in 1997. The Cubans also awarded their star student with a medal, a private token of appreciation that Montes could never take home.

She became a model of efficiency, a warrior monk embedded deep within the bureaucracy. From cubicle C6-146A at DIA headquarters at Joint Base Anacostia-Bolling in Washington, she gained access to hundreds of thousands of classified documents, typically taking lunch at her desk absorbed in quiet memorization of page after page of the latest briefings. Colleagues recall that she could be playful and charming, especially with bosses or when trying to talk her way into a classified briefing. But she also could be arrogant and declined most social invitations.

Montes would clock out at DIA, then start her second job at her Macomb Street apartment in Cleveland Park. She never risked taking a document home. Instead, she fastidiously memorized by day and typed in the evenings, spewing whole documents into a Toshiba laptop. Night after night, she poured years’ worth of highly classified secrets onto cheap floppy disks bought at Radio Shack.

Her tradecraft was classic. In Havana, agents with the Cuban intelligence service taught Montes how to slip packages to agents innocuously, how to communicate safely in code and how to disappear if needed. They even taught Montes how to fake her way through a polygraph test. She later told investigators it involves the strategic tensing of the sphincter muscles. It’s unknown if the ploy worked, but Montes did pass a DIA-administered polygraph in 1994, after a decade of spying.

Montes got most of her orders the same way spies have since the Cold War: through numeric messages transmitted anonymously over shortwave radio. She would tune a Sony radio to AM frequency 7887 kHz, then wait for the “numbers station” broadcast to begin. A female voice would cut through the otherworldly static, declaring, “Atención! Atención!” then spew out 150 numbers into the night. “Tres-cero-uno-cero-siete, dos-cuatro-seis-dos-cuatro,” the voice would drone. Montes would key the digits into her computer, and a Cuban-installed decryption program would convert the numbers into Spanish-language text.

Montes also took the unusual risk of meeting the Cubans face-to-face. Every few weeks, she would dine with her handlers in D.C. area Chinese restaurants, where Montes would slide a fresh batch of encrypted diskettes past tiny dishes of Chinese delicacies. The clandestine handoffs also took place during Montes’s vacations, on sunny Caribbean islands.

Montes even traveled to Cuba four times for sessions with Cuba’s top intelligence officers. Twice, she used a phony Cuban passport and disguised herself in a wig, hop-scotching first to Europe to cover her tracks. Two other times she got Pentagon approval to visit Cuba on U.S. fact-finding missions. She would meet at the U.S. Interests Section in Havana during the day but slip away to brief her Cuban superiors.

Back in the States, when Montes needed to convey an urgent message, she reached for a pager. Montes would seek out pay phones at the National Zoo, the Friendship Heights Metro or by the old Hecht’s in Chevy Chase to call pager numbers controlled by the Cubans. One beeper code would mean “I’m in extreme danger”; another, “We have to meet.” Schooled in spycraft by the KGB, the Cubans relied on the storied tools of the trade. Montes’s pager codes and shortwave-radio notes, for example, were written on specially treated paper. “The frequencies and the cheat sheet for the numbers, that was all on water-soluble paper,” explained the FBI’s Pete Lapp, one of two top agents on the case. “You throw it in the toilet, and it evaporates.”


Spying was lonely. Montes could confide only in her handlers. Family gatherings and holidays with her two FBI siblings and their FBI-employed spouses became tense affairs. At the beginning, the Cubans provided enough of a social life. “They were emotionally supportive. They understood my loneliness,” Montes told investigators. But as she turned 40, Montes became despondent. “I was finally ready to share my life with someone but was leading a double life, so I did not feel I could live happily,” she revealed. The Cubans set her up with a lover, but after a couple of days of fun, she realized she would not find happiness with a “mail order” groom.

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When FBI agents covertly searched Montes’s Cleveland Park apartment, they found her laptop and the shortwave radio she used to communicate with Cuba. (Photograph by Matthew Girard)

Ana’s alienation only grew when, by strange coincidence, Lucy began working on the biggest case of her career: a massive crackdown on Cuban spies operating in the United States. It was 1998, and the Miami field office had uncovered a Cuban spy ring based in Florida, the so-called Wasp Network. More than a dozen members strong, the Wasp Network was infiltrating Cuban exile organizations and making inroads into U.S. military sites in Florida upon its capture. For Lucy, the Wasp case marked the crowning achievement of her career. The FBI had called on her to translate hours of wiretapped conversations of Cuban spies who were trying to penetrate the U.S. Southern Command base in Doral. Lucy earned praise from the FBI brass and an award from a local Latin chamber of commerce. But she never shared the news with Ana. Although Ana was one of the preeminent Cuba experts in the world and should have been ecstatic that her sister had helped expose a Cuban spy ring, Lucy was convinced Ana would just change the subject. “I knew she would have no interest in hearing about it or talking about it,” Lucy said.

But Lucy’s triumph became Ana’s despair. Ana’s handlers suddenly went dark. They refused to contact her for months as they assessed the fallout from the investigation. “Something that gave me fulfillment disappeared,” she later told investigators. Ana bottomed out. She experienced crying spells, panic attacks and insomnia. She sought psychiatric treatment and started taking antidepressants. CIA-led psychologists would later conclude that the isolation, lies and fear of capture had triggered borderline obsessive-compulsive traits. Montes began showering for long stretches with different soaps and wearing gloves when she drove her car. She strictly controlled her diet, at times eating only unseasoned boiled potatoes. At a birthday party at Lucy’s home in 1998, Ana sat stone-faced and barely spoke. “Some of my friends thought she was very rude, that there was something seriously odd with her. And there was. She was cut off from her handler,” Lucy said.

Inside the DIA, the star analyst remained above suspicion. Montes had succeeded beyond the Cubans’ wildest dreams. She was now briefing the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the National Security Council and even the president of Nicaragua about Cuban military capabilities. She helped draft a controversial Pentagon report stating that Cuba had a “limited capacity” to harm the United States and could pose a danger to U.S. citizens only “under some circumstances.” And she was about to earn yet another promotion, this time a prestigious fellowship with the National Intelligence Council. An advisory body to the director of central intelligence, the NIC was then at CIA headquarters in Langley. Montes was about to gain access to even more treasured information. Her spy career would have reached unfathomable heights, had it not been for a back-bench DIA employee named Scott Carmichael.


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DIA spy-hunter Scott Carmichael. (Photograph by Mike Morgan)

Round-faced and often stuffed uncomfortably in size 44 suits from Macy’s, Carmichael defies the stereotype of the sophisticated, Georgetown-trained mole hunter. He laughingly describes himself as “a Kmart security guard,” but for the past quarter-century the former cop from Wisconsin’s dairy belt has hunted spies for the DIA.

In September 2000, Carmichael got a hot lead. Veteran DIA counterintelligence analyst Chris Simmons had been approached by a female intelligence officer. She had risked her career to inform Simmons that the FBI had spent two years fruitlessly trying to identify a U.S. government employee who appeared to be spying for the Cubans. It was an “UNSUB” case, meaning a search for an unidentified subject. The FBI knew that the UNSUB had high-level access to U.S. intelligence on Cuba, had purchased a Toshiba laptop to communicate with Havana and a few other tidbits. But with so few details, the FBI investigation had stalled.

Carmichael got to work. He and his colleague Karl “Gator” James began inputting some of the FBI’s closely held clues into their employee databases. DIA workers surrender many of their privacy rights when applying for security clearances, and Carmichael had access to reams of personal financial records, medical histories and detailed travel itineraries. The computer search produced more than a hundred possible employee matches. After scanning through about 20 subjects, the name “Ana Belen Montes” popped onto Carmichael’s screen.

Carmichael knew her. Four years earlier, one of Montes’s fellow DIA analysts had squealed on her, troubled by her occasionally aggressive efforts to access sensitive information. Carmichael had even interviewed Montes and thought she had been lying. “I was left with this nagging doubt,” he recalls. But Montes had been able to explain away all her actions, and Carmichael had closed the case. Now the computer screen was blinking Montes’s name, and he was convinced she must be a spy. “I knew, I really knew it was her,” he said.

But the FBI was unimpressed. Lead agent Steve McCoy riddled holes in Carmichael’s thesis, pointing out that many other federal workers and contractors matched the same circumstantial shreds of evidence that had supposedly tied Montes to the case. And some of Carmichael’s evidence made no sense.

Carmichael conceded there were holes in his theory and reminded himself that Montes was a stellar employee. He also knew that few women have been prosecuted for espionage in America since the Cold War. Still, Carmichael was certain he was on the right track. As he walked out of the FBI that first day, he swore a pledge. “I can remember looking off, in the direction of the DIA and being so freakin’ pissed off,” Carmichael fumed years later. “I told Gator we’re going to war. I said, ‘We’re getting rid of that … woman, and these guys don’t know it yet, but they’re opening a case on her.’ ”

Carmichael built a dossier on Montes and began badgering McCoy with facts, dates and coincidences. He made excuses to stop by McCoy’s office to talk about Montes and fill in holes. And when he was ignored, he went over McCoy’s head.

After nine weeks, Carmichael’s relentless campaign paid off. McCoy was sold and persuaded headquarters to open a full investigation. “The bureau got really lucky when the DIA came to us with Montes as a suspect,” said Pete Lapp, McCoy’s partner on the case. Despite their differences, McCoy says Carmichael deserves a tremendous amount of credit for his tenacity: “He broke the case. He gave us our subject,” and “from that point on, the FBI made the case.”

Once the FBI was fully engaged, it assigned more than 50 people to work the investigation and won permission from a skeptical Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court judge to conduct surreptitious searches of Montes’s apartment, car and office. FBI operatives tailed Montes and filmed her making suspicious calls on pay phones. Lapp used a national security letter, a form of administrative subpoena, to gain unfettered access to Montes’s credit records. Montes, he learned, had applied for a line of credit in 1996 at a CompUSA store in Alexandria. Her purchase? The same model of Toshiba laptop that the FBI had learned about from its original source when it began its UNSUB investigation. “It was awesome, it was awesome,” Lapp recalls. “This was regular old detective work.”

Still, no one had witnessed Montes meeting a Cuban, typing coded messages at work or stuffing anything classified into her pocketbook. For Lapp, then, there was a lot riding on the first sneak-and-peek of Montes’s apartment. He needed concrete proof that Montes was a spy. Yet he couldn’t risk tipping her off with a messy search. “There’s no bigger stress that I’ve had professionally than being in someone’s apartment, legally, with them not knowing it and having a chance to get caught,” said Lapp, a former police officer. “You’re being a cat burglar, legally, but you can get caught, and the entire case is blown.”

Adding urgency was Montes’s pending promotion to the CIA advisory council. Carmichael needed to quietly stall the assignment. With help from then-DIA director Vice Adm. Thomas Wilson, they concocted a simple ruse. At the next big staff meeting, someone would casually mention that a large number of DIA employees were on loan to outside agencies, a common practice. Wilson would explode and announce a total freeze on external assignments. The theatrics worked. Montes never knew that the agency-wide moratorium was designed just for her. Dozens of supervisors at other Washington agencies had called Wilson to complain, but the bogus temper tantrum kept Montes out of the CIA.


Just as the FBI’s criminal case was building steam, Montes fell in love. She had begun dating Roger Corneretto, a senior intelligence officer who ran the Cuban intelligence program for SouthCom, the military installation the Wasp network had tried to infiltrate. Eight years her junior, Corneretto was attracted to Montes’s ambition, tight skirts and smarts.

Corneretto said that, at first, he enjoyed the challenge of trying to woo the DIA “ice queen.” “It took a long time for her to finally let me in, and when she did I realized that warmth and niceness were not going to come pouring out in a way to make up for how she was and for her inexplicable hostility to good people,” Corneretto recalled in a recent e-mail.

Corneretto is married now and still works for the Pentagon. He reluctantly agreed to discuss his ill-fated office romance. “As a close community we were all fooled, but on top of that, I was even dating her, so [my] sense of shame and guilt and failure and personal responsibility was indescribable,” he said. He calls Montes “an unapologetic, highly educated, volunteer thug for a police state” and declares that “she will never be off the hook with me.”

Despite her boyfriend’s obvious intel potential, investigators believe that Montes’s affections were real. She fantasized about starting a family and ditching her espionage career. But her handlers refused to let their top producer quit. “I’m a human being with needs that I couldn’t deny. I thought the Cubans would understand,” she later revealed to her debriefers. But spy agencies don’t work that way. “She naively believed that they would thank her for her assistance and allow her to stop spying for them,” the CIA commented in its analysis.


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FBI agents Steve McCoy, left, and Pete Lapp. (Photograph by Charlie Archambault)

On May 25, 2001, Lapp and a small team of black-bag specialists slipped inside Apartment 20. Montes was out of town with Corneretto, and the FBI searched her closets and laundry bins, paged through shelves of neatly stacked books and photographed personal papers. They spotted a cardboard box in the bedroom and carefully opened it. Inside was a Sony shortwave radio. Good start, Lapp thought. Next, techs found a Toshiba laptop. They copied the hard drive, shut down the computer and were gone.

Several days later, a secure fax machine at the Washington field office began churning out the translated contents of the hard drive. “That was kind of our eureka moment,” Lapp said.

The documents, which Montes had tried to delete, included instructions on how to translate numbers-station broadcasts and other Spy 101 tips. One file mentioned the true last name of a U.S. intelligence officer who had been operating undercover in Cuba. Montes had revealed the agent’s identity to the Cubans, and her Cuban intelligence officer thanked her by noting, “We were waiting here for him with open arms.”

But the FBI needed more. It wanted the crypto codes that it was certain Montes carried in her purse. It fell to Carmichael to design a plan so Montes would abandon her pocketbook in her office. As described in Carmichael’s 2007 book, “True Believer,” the elaborate stunt included a bogus software glitch and a phony invitation to speak at a meeting just one floor away. The conference-room location was close enough Montes might not bring her pocketbook, and the meeting was kept short enough that she wouldn’t need her purse to buy lunch afterward.

On the day, two IT geeks huddled by Montes’s cubicle to investigate an annoying new computer malfunction. One of them happened to be FBI Special Agent Steve McCoy. When her colleagues weren’t looking, McCoy tossed Montes’s pocketbook into his toolbox and slipped off. The FBI quickly copied the contents and returned the pocketbook. Inside her purse were pager warning codes and a phone number (area code 917) later traced to Cuban intelligence.

Without any eyes-on evidence of a dead drop of classified documents, though, the FBI worried that Montes would be able to plea-bargain her way out of trouble. But they were out of time. Hijacked planes had just slammed into the Pentagon and the World Trade Center, and overnight the DIA was on a war footing. Montes was named an acting division chief, based on her seniority. Making matters worse, DIA supervisors who were ignorant of the investigation had selected Montes as a team leader to process target lists for Afghanistan. Wilson, the DIA director, had demanded strict operational security regarding Montes. But now he wanted her out of the way. Cuba had a long history of selling secrets to the United States’ enemies. If Montes obtained the Pentagon’s war plan for Afghanistan, DIA officials worried, the Cubans would eagerly pass the information to the Taliban.

Carmichael came up with one final deception. On Sept. 21, 2001, a DIA supervisor called Montes with an urgent request from the DIA inspector general’s office to help deal with an infraction by one of her subordinates.

Moments later, Montes appeared in the inspector general’s office and was ushered into a conference room, where McCoy and Lapp were waiting for her. McCoy played good cop, suggesting vaguely that a technical source or an informant had led them to her. Montes went pale and stared ahead, blankly. McCoy soft-pedaled her culpability, hoping she might try to offer innocent rationales for unauthorized contacts with Cuban officials. But when Montes asked if she was under investigation and requested a lawyer, the charade ended. “I’m sorry to tell you, but you are under arrest for conspiracy to commit espionage,” McCoy announced. Lapp slapped on the handcuffs, and they escorted Montes out of the DIA for the last time.

A nurse, oxygen tanks and a wheelchair had been positioned in the wings, but the Queen of Cuba didn’t need any help. “We figured she would just kind of collapse, be a wreck,” Lapp said. “And I think she could have just carried both of us out on her back. She walked out that calm — I won’t say ‘proud’ — but with that kind of composure.”

Later that day, an FBI evidence team scoured Montes’s apartment for hours. Hidden in the lining of a notebook they found the handwritten cipher Montes used to encrypt and decrypt messages, scribbled shortwave radio frequencies and the address of a museum in Puerto Vallarta, Mexico, where she was meant to run in an emergency. The crib sheets were written on water-soluble disappearing paper.


For Lucy Montes, Ana’s arrest was humiliating. She and Tito had worried they would lose their FBI jobs, and the anger kept coming in waves. But for nearly a decade, Lucy saw little point in piling on against Ana. “I thought it was better to be a sister and not a judge and jury,” Lucy said.

But in late 2010, Ana went too far. From her Texas prison cell, she wrote an angry letter suggesting that Lucy should see a psychologist to deal with her latent rage. The hypocrisy was too much. “I thought now would be a good time for me to tell you exactly what I think about you,” Lucy replied on Nov. 6, 2010, in a two-page letter she shared with this reporter. “I never told you before because … it seemed a cruel thing to do since you were in prison. But you need to know what you’ve done to all of us.”

Lucy began by invoking their beloved mother, Emilia. “You should know you ruined Mom’s life. Every morning she wakes up devastated by what you did and where you are,” Lucy wrote. It’s not enough, Lucy added, that Mom “was married to a violent man for 16 years and raised four children by herself. No, you had to ruin her final years when she should be living in peace and contentment.”

Then she turned to the rest of Ana’s inner circle. “You betrayed your family, you betrayed all your friends. Everyone who loves you was betrayed by you,” Lucy wrote. “You betrayed your co-workers and your employer, and you betrayed your nation. You worked for an evil megalomaniac who shares or sells our secrets to our enemies.”

Finally, Lucy tore down Ana’s tired rationalizations. “Why did you really do what you did? Because it made you feel powerful. Yes, Ana, you wanted to feel powerful. You’re no altruist, it wasn’t the ‘greater good’ you were concerned for, it was yourself. You needed power over other people,” Lucy concluded. “You are a coward.”

In interviews, Lucy refuses to make excuses for her sister. While her late father did have a frightening temper, Lucy also remembers him as a compassionate man with solid values. “We all grew up in the same household, we all had the same parents, so you can’t blame everything on what happened at home,” Lucy said. “If there’s one thing my father taught us, it’s respect for the law and authority. It never even entered my mind that my sister would be capable of such a thing, because we weren’t raised that way.”


Ana Montes lives today at the Federal Medical Center Carswell in Fort Worth, in a 20-inmate unit reserved for the nation’s most dangerous female offenders. She could have been charged with treason, a capital offense, but pleaded guilty to espionage in exchange for a 25-year sentence. She still has another decade to go. “Apparently it’s pretty horrific in there for her,” Lucy says. “She says it’s like being in an insane asylum.”

U.S. military and intelligence agencies spent years assessing the fallout from Montes’s crimes. At a congressional hearing last year, the woman in charge of the damage assessment testified that Montes was “one of the most damaging spies in U.S. history.” Former National Counterintelligence Executive Michelle Van Cleave told Congress that Montes “compromised all Cuban-focused collection programs” used to eavesdrop on high-ranking Cubans, and it “is also likely that the information she passed contributed to the death and injury of American and pro-American forces in Latin America.”

Strict prison rules bar Montes from talking to the media and all but a few friends and relatives. But in her private correspondence, she refuses to apologize. Spying was justified, she says, because the United States “has done some things that are terribly cruel and unfair” to the Cuban government. “I owe allegiance to principles and not to any one country or government or person,” Montes writes in one letter to a teenage nephew. “I don’t owe allegiance to the US or to Cuba or to Obama or to the Castro brothers or even to God.”


Lucy Montes knows all about allegiance. When Ana walks out of prison on July 1, 2023, Lucy will be waiting. She has offered to let Ana live in her home for a few months, to get settled. “There’s nothing acceptable about what she did. On the other hand I don’t feel like I can turn my back on her, because she’s my sister.”

Jim Popkin is a writer living in Washington.

A entrevista perdida de Fidel Castro

Laura Galloway nunca conheceu o avô. Sabia que era jornalista. Quando era pequena habituou-se a ver uma fotografia dele, de microfone na mão, a entrevistar um barbudo de uniforme. Ao crescer, aprendeu a reconhecer o desconhecido na imagem: Fidel Castro, o líder da revolução cubana. O retrato acompanhou-a ao longo da vida. Até que, há uns anos, ao remexer em centenas de artigos e cartas escritas pelo avô, encontrou uma cassete. Dizia: “Galloway/Castro”. Colocou-a no gravador. Carregou no play. Foi a primeira vez que ouviu aquela voz. Em espanhol. A entrevistar Fidel. Estávamos em 1959 e o resultado dessa entrevista foi publicado no U.S. News & World Report. Clark Hewitt Galloway morreu dois anos depois.

Agora, Laura Galloway entregou a gravação do avô ao estúdio multimédia Blank on Blank que se dedica a recuperar e a divulgar entrevistas antigas a personagens icónicas e a pessoas normais. Para além da preservação áudio, dão-lhe também uma nova roupagem, graças ao trabalho de infográficos, animadores e jornalistas que, em conjunto criam uma narrativa multimédia. O resultado é fabuloso. Estão lá conversas com James Brown, Louis Armstrong, Farrah Fawcett, Wilt Chamberlain, Jim Morrison e muitos outros. Foi isto que fizeram à cassete e à história de Laura e Clark Galloway.